Instead of restricting, the executive has chosen a curfew between 8:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m. across the country.
However, in some departments in the east of the country the situation is worse than elsewhere.
The authorities decided on a curfew at 6 p.m. A selection based on several criteria.
1. The incidence rate in the general population
It reflects the spread of the virus in an area from PCR testing. It determines the number of positive people in the last 7 days under 100,000 residents. He is known on D + 3.
The alarm threshold for the curfew at 6 p.m. must exceed the threshold of 200 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The maximum alarm threshold is then reached above 250.
2. The incidence rate in the elderly
It determines the proportion of people who test positive among those over 65.
Thus, the overall threshold may be below 200, but if the incidence in the elderly exceeds 200, the advanced curfew can be decided.
Conversely, the opposite decision can be made if the overall rate is higher than 200 but that of the seniors is much lower. People over 65 account for 94% of deaths.
> See the Incidence Rates (General Population) Map on Jan 8th below:
> If the map is not displayed, click here
3. The positivity rate
Definition: It measures the percentage of positive cases compared to the number of daily tests and therefore enables the detection of a development of new contaminations that are detected daily.
There is no hard and fast threshold that knows it has fluctuated between 5% and 20% since November. It is currently 6.3% in the country. However, health authorities can add it as a criterion on the incidence rate. Therefore, the Drôme will be switched to curfew at 6:00 p.m., as the rate of 9.4% is well above the regional average (6%).
4. The number of current hospitalizations
Definition: the decrease or increase in admissions for several days in the hospital necessarily reflects the state of circulation of the virus with a delay of a week.
There is no national threshold, either in absolute terms or as a percentage, as bed capacity and the number of hospitals on site and in neighboring departments vary considerably from region to region.
The fact remains that more than 50% occupancy by covid patients in the middle of winter is viewed as worrying. This is the case today, and this number is largely exceeded in many departments.
5. Discussion with locally elected officials
It allows adding criteria adapted to the territory: population density, border aspects, high number of serious cases, social situation, specific activities.
In Marseille, the prefect justified the increase in the curfew by the presence of a group of 23 people who would be affected by the English variant. It was on top of the high incidence rates, in contrast to the Bayonne cluster observed on Jan. 3, in a sector where the virus circulates very little.
All these more subjective criteria lead to the fact that certain departments with poor numbers did not switch (Haute-Savoie, Yonne) or received a 48-hour stay (Drôme and Var).